Techniques for how to live with air containing PM 2.5 dust particles

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In an era where air quality has become an important issue that affects our health, PM 2.5 dust is one of the air pollutants that receive a lot of attention. Because there are very small particles Can travel directly into the respiratory system. Cause many serious negative effects on health as a result.

Health effects

Breathing and being exposed to PM 2.5 dust in the long term can lead to many health problems, including

  • respiratory disease There is often a burning sensation in the nose and throat. Some people may have frequent colds. Asthma worsens. The worst is chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
  • Effects on the cardiovascular system High blood pressure occurs and may lead to stroke.
  • Effects on the nervous system Causes inflammation and damage to brain cells. Makes the brain work abnormally Resulting in high blood pressure, viscous blood, and risk of blood clots. including hardening of the arteries in the brain Causes blood vessels in the brain to become narrowed, blocked, or broken, which is the main cause of paralysis. If serious, it may lead to death.

Therefore, whenever dust that looks like smog is seen or there is a notification from the Meteorological Department You should behave as follows.

  • Reduce/avoid time spent outdoors in areas where air pollution is at unsafe levels. Especially along the main road that has a lot of construction
  • If it’s unavoidable Wear a type of mask that can filter dust smaller than “0.3 microns” such as N95, P100.
  • Avoid or reduce the number of hours of outdoor exercise in areas with unsafe air pollution.
  • When in the building You should close the doors and windows properly. and clean the house every day
  • When in the building Avoid lighting candles. lanterns in buildings To reduce burning in buildings
  • Avoid exercising or working for more than 12 hours in the open.
  • If you really want to exercise It is recommended to change the type of outdoor exercise to one that uses less energy, such as jogging to walking slowly instead. People who need to be especially careful include people with chronic diseases such as lung disease and heart disease, as well as the elderly and children.
  • Reduce car use and waste burning.
  • If you have any unusual symptoms, such as shortness of breath, chest tightness, dizziness, or loss of consciousness, hurry to get treatment at a medical facility as soon as possible.